Items 1-60 of 161 results

  1. Balouch 1M "A" 296 x 198 cm
  2. Vintage Kilim 203 x 159cm
  3. Belouch 135 x 82cm
  4. Belouch 135 x 86cm
  5. Belouch 138 x 85cm
  6. Belouch 134 x 85cm
  7. Chobi 144 x 54cm
  8. Mushwani Kilim 186 x 150cm
  9. Vintage Kilim 201 x 152cm
  10. Vintage Kilim 233 x 177cm
  11. Natural Kilim 194 x 58cm
  12. Vintage Kilim 200 x 64
  13. Vintage Kilim 154 x 102cm
  14. Vintage Kilim 200 x 60
  15. Vintage Kilim 204 x 73
  16. Belouch 120 x 80cm
  17. Belouch 142 x 84cm
  18. Belouch 152 x 87cm
  19. £550.00 £275.00

Items 1-60 of 161 results

Authentic Afghan Kilim Rugs

A range of different types of Kilim (Kelim) are made. These variations depend very much on the area or tribe making them. Becoming familiar with the different weaving techniques aids the ability to determine the authenticity of each different type.

Here in the Rugcentre, you will find the fullest range and variety of Afghan kilims. They are durable, easy to maintain and can bring a modern but artisan feel to any room or space in your home.

From Preparation to making a Kilim Rug

Using wool fleece from their local flocks of sheep, the process of hand spinning and dip-dyeing the yarn is the same in kilim making as for a full pile hand-knotted rug. Our Kilims are made of vegetable-dyed hand-spun woollen yarn which is woven onto cotton warps using a loom.

Afghan kilim weavers do not use a shuttle to carry the yarns through the warp strands, nor do they have a mechanised method (heddle bar) to alternately separate the warp strands.

Thus a hand-made kilim from Afghanistan is truly a ‘labour of love, taking time and patience to make.

Afghan Kilim weaving Techniques

Generally, fall into two groups, but within these two groups are many different styles of patterning and colour:

Many hand-made Afghan Kilim rugs are what is known in the rug trade as a ‘flat weave’. In other words, these rugs do not consist of a hand-knotted pile, they are completely flat.

Whilst the second weaving technique found in different regions have a more textural surface. The relief or 3-dimensional textural patterns in these different types of the rug are formed using a combination of hand-knotted pile interspersed with a flat weave/kilim area.

Flatweave Kilim

Flatweave kilim rugs can be used on either side, they are fully reversible or double-sided with the pattern and colours the same on both surfaces.

They are always woven by hand on looms, separating weft strands by hand to determine the pattern. Unlike weaving in the UK and Europe there is no heddle bar used to speed up the separation of alternate warp strands.

The four main groups of Afghan flatweave Kilims

In the city of Maimana (Maymana) the capital of the Faryab Province, the weavers make Veg dyed- Chobi Kilims, Ghalmori Kilims, Natural Kilims and Vintage kilims. The Sagheri Kilim Soumak kilim and Adraskan kilim all originate from Herat, with the Qala-E-Now Kilim made in Badghis in West Afghanistan.

The weavers will complete each colour separately building the woven sections in blocks rather than the way we would weave here in the UK by completely traversing all weft strands in one row. Each colour block or change of diagonal angle will be interlocked with the neighbouring colour around the weft strand every four rows or so. This also leaves tiny gaps which can be seen if held up to the light.

Large geometric shapes made up of diagonal lines which form triangles, diamonds and zig-zags as well as block colours and stripes

Maimana or Chobi veg dyed kilims are often very colourful with contrasting colours, whereas Ghalmori Kilims are much darker often mixing fewer colours and are generally dark terracotta/browns with navy blue/black and sometimes a highlight colour in cream, beige or grey (the natural colour of sheep’s fleece left undyed)

Natural Kilims are Fantastic patterns simply made using undyed yarns, mixing blocks of varying depths of shades of greys, browns and creams.

Vintage kilims are veg dyed kilims that have undergone an extra washing and sun drying process to deliberately fade the colours. We have asked our finishers to develop this process for some of our customers who were looking to create a more subdued, up cycled vintage interior design atmosphere in their home settings.

Qala-E-Now is more traditional than the Maimana kilims. Finer in feel using softer more tightly spun yarns. There are multiple bands of borders with central panels depicting abstract florals in dark reds, browns and greens, greys and navy on set on coffee coloured background, Qala-E-Now are very like a completely flat surface weave version of the Barjasta rug

Soumak and Sagheri Kilims whilst still a flat weave are a different structure to the other flat weave kilims, with a very smooth surface and are not reversible as floating yarns are carried on the back surface. The yarns used are extremely fine but very hardwearing. The patterns of Soumak are hugely varied from traditional floral brocade type patterns to contrasting bold imagery almost like Navajo Indian patterns. However, The Saghari patterns are geometric, very similar to those seen on a Maimana kilim.

Three main groups of Surface textured Afghan Kilim

Different weaving techniques are used to create the surface textures and patterns in these rugs with the relief or 2-dimensional textural patterns formed by the combination of hand-knotted pile interspersed with a flat weave/kilim area. The Hand-knotted pile stand proud of the flat kilim surfaces.

In this group are, Barjasta from Bagdhis, Dezangi Belgic and Mushwani Marinos from Herat West Afghanistan. However, it is the particular colour combinations as well as the relief pattern shapes which then subdivide or enable us as rug appreciators to see the differences and place their heritage.

Barjasta rugs are in traditional darker reds, browns, navy raised pile on a coffee coloured background depicting abstract floral and garden imagery. These rugs are also very soft and pliable. In contrast, the Dezangi Belgic can be quite bright contrasting but rich colours with small geometric shapes radiating in bands outwards from a small central square. The Mushwani Marinos frequently in rich dark reds and navy blues with a mosaic of diamond-shaped patterns.

Turkish Patchwork Rugs

These rugs have a modern slant with either bright kilim pieces patched together or more gentle vintage colours. They come in runners as well as rectangular rugs.